Tag Archives: Venezuela

OFRANEH: “Inventamos o Erramos”

“Inventamos o Erramos”

En el año de 1842 el maestro de Simón Bolivar, el caraqueño Simón Rodriguez en su libro Sociedades Americanas, acuño la frase de “Inventamos o Erramos”, en referencia a la urgencia que existía de una ruptura con el pasado colonial y el proceso de independencia, donde desafortunadamente los criollos optaron por imitar las ideologías e instituciones europeas de las que  supuestamente se habían emancipado.

Dos siglos después de la supuesta independencia, América Latina parece encarnar una nueva tentativa de lograr cimentar la independencia, siendo Honduras una de los países donde las rémoras mantienen atado al imperio uno de los países más pobres del hemisferio.

El remolino de opiniones que han surgido en las últimas semanas a raíz de los acontecimientos tan comentados y conocidos por todos, sobrepasa la razón y quedamos a mitad de camino anegados en los sentimientos, sin que realmente entendamos los trasfondos y motivos de accionar de líderes, los que muchas veces responden mas al denominado “realpolitik” que a los intereses y el sentir de los pueblos.

En el caso de las acciones inconsultas asumidas por algunos  miembros del FNRP en su viaje a Caracas y la  muestra de verticalismo demostrado, es sin lugar a dudas una característica consolidada en los grupúsculos que sucumben ante las ansias de concentración de poder político.

A partir de la asamblea de la Resistencia Popular del 27 de febrero, en donde algunas personas del movimiento social, fuimos enfáticos sobre nuestro desacuerdo a la conversión del Frente en un partido político; automáticamente fuimos calificados, como idealistas y algunos han llegado a tildarnos de anarquistas.

La distorsión de la realidad siempre ha sido una de las armas favoritas del fascismo, lo mismo que la utilización de grupos de choque que sofocan el dialogo con consignas y epítetos descalificativos. La posición asumida por la OFRANEH y otras organizaciones, así como de muchos delegados participantes en la asamblea del frente que se llevo a cabò en febrero pasado, cuestionó la participación prematura en un proceso electoral que de darse, continuaría con la farsa de una pseudo democracia al servicio de los intereses de la descarnada elite de poder local y el imperio.

Era de esperarse que después de haber triturado la incipiente democracia hondureña con el golpe de Estado del 2009, se hubiera llamado a una asamblea constituyente con el propósito de reconstruir la democracia en Honduras. Sin embargo los hechos acontecidos demuestran que los Estados Unidos promovieron elecciones en circunstancias ampliamente anómalas,  donde algunos acudieron a votar bajo las bayonetas caladas de los mismos “vigilantes” que defenestraron a Manuel Zelaya  arrojándolo en la pista del aeropuerto de San José en Costa Rica.

El “pragmatismo” político de la camarilla de siempre, salió a relucir en medio de la asamblea, y si bien es cierto que la gran mayoría nos manifestamos en contra de las ambiciones políticas de ciertas vanguardias  que han asumido de forma cínica la estulticia como leit motiv, aparecen posteriormente en Caracas avalando las negociaciones desconocidas hasta ese entonces por la mayoría de los miembros del  Frente.

Algunos especialistas y tendenciosos  en retorcer la información, llegan incluso a asegurar que la oposición a la abrupta participación del Frente en el proceso electoral es una inclinación a la lucha armada. Ciertamente un escenario de insurrección armada sería de enorme agrado para el imperio, situación que les facilitaría incrementar la ocupación ya de por sí existente en el país, además de incrementar los arsenales a disposición de las fuerzas armadas nacionales para que posteriormente las subasten a los carteles de las drogas.

La OFRANEH ha venido practicando la desobediencia civil en la medida de lo posible, además que existe una vocación pacifista del pueblo Garífuna que muchos en Honduras interpretan como llana y simple cobardía.

Los señalamientos tendenciosos de vincular a las organizaciones opuestas a participar en un proceso electoral sin haber logrado el imperativo de una asamblea constituyente, como anarquistas e inclinados a la lucha armada, es una tremenda  falacia al servicio de aquellos que pretenden colocarle la lapida a la resistencia; y vienen a ser casi los mismos interesados que vinculan la problemática del Bajo Aguan con la existencia de grupos guerrilleros imaginarios.

Por supuesto que el llamado Acuerdo de Cartagena y la posterior reunión “explicativa” en Caracas, ha dejado un laberinto de preguntas y la gran mayoría de ellas sin respuesta. Peor aun ha sido la deportación del Periodista Joaquín Perez Becerra. Hay quienes  vinculan este tipo de actitud asumido por el Poder Ejecutivo de Venezuela con poderosas razones de estado: desde la invasión a Libia hasta la conjura que pueda crear Estados Unidos alrededor del siniestro Makled.

El retorno de Honduras al  Ministerio de las Colonias (OEA), parece ser el motivo del acercamiento del humanismo cristiano al que previamente había categorizado de diablo. Pueden existir razones más estomacales como el regreso a Petrocaribe en un momento donde la especulación sobre el petróleo y alimentos avizoran una hambruna planetaria.

En cuanto al FNRP, es necesario reflexionar sobre la lección de Simón Rodríguez, al manifestar lapidariamente: Inventamos o Erramos.  Es urgente reinventarnos para evitar que la brecha entre la Resistencia y el Frente se acentúe. Obligándonos a desmantelar los autoritarismos tan frecuentes en nuestro entorno.

Las jerarquías autoritarias bajo el disfraz de movimientos políticos  suelen finiquitar los movimientos sociales, por lo que resulta impostergable desenmascarar el autoritarismo antes que sucumbamos a una nueva forma de tiranía.

La Ceiba, Atlantida 28 de Abril del 2011

Organización Fraternal Negra Hondureña, OFRANEH
OFRANEH
Organizacion Fraternal Negra Hondureña
Calle 19, #130.
La Ceiba, Atlantida,
Honduras
telefax: 504-4420618
email:garifuna@ofraneh.org/ ofraneh@yahoo.com

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[en] Spiegel Interview with Manuel Zelaya: “We will not be brought to our knees”

Fears of a coup epidemic in Latin America: Pro Zelaya protesters hold up a banner reading, "Coup Leaders Out."

REUTERS – Fears of a coup epidemic in Latin America: Pro Zelaya protesters hold up a banner reading, “Coup Leaders Out.”
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In a SPIEGEL interview, ousted President Manuel Zelaya, 56, discusses the coup in his native Honduras, the lack of intervention from Washington, his political ties to Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and his hopes to unseat the regime by peaceful means.

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SPIEGEL: Mr. President, you have now established your headquarters in northern Nicaragua, only a few kilometers from the Honduran border. Will you attempt, as you have already done several times in recent weeks, to return to Honduras on your own?

Zelaya: I could go back across the border today or tomorrow, but I’m being threatened. The coup leaders want to murder me, or at least arrest me, as they have done once before. I want to prepare for my return in a peaceful way. Hondurans should know: I am prepared to resume control of the country at the appropriate moment. For now, we are organizing the resistance.

SPIEGEL: Your Costa Rican counterpart, President Oscar Arias, has unveiled a peace plan designed to reinstate you. Do you have faith in a negotiated solution?

Zelaya: We accept the Arias plan. Negotiations are the only way. But it will only work if the international community increases its pressure on the coup leaders. It has to make sure that coups don’t become an epidemic. That would jeopardize security and stability on the entire continent. If coups, revolutions and uprisings were to spread throughout Latin America once again, the United States and Europe would also pay a high price.

SPIEGEL: Under the peace plan, you would be required to give up some of your power. For instance, you would no longer be able to appoint your own ministers …

Zelaya: I accept that. I’m a politician, and I’m tolerant.

SPIEGEL: Do you see an opportunity for dialogue with the new regime?

Zelaya: International pressure would have to be increased for that to happen. It affected the coup leaders when Washington suspended their diplomatic visas, and the sanctions are also taking effect. In many ports, goods coming from Honduras are no longer being unloaded. The German firm Adidas, along with Nike and clothing manufacturer Gap, have announced that they will cancel orders from Honduran factories unless democracy is restored.

SPIEGEL: Your supporters claim that the US ambassador and influential right-wing politicians in the United States were told about the coup in advance.

Zelaya: There were many rumors leading up to the coup, as well as unusual military movements. I’m sure that the Obama administration knew about it, but it didn’t agree to the overthrow.

SPIEGEL: The secretary general of the Organization of American States (OAS) and US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton have criticized you for your attempts to return to Honduras on your own, by crossing the Nicaraguan border. Aren’t you just provoking further violence with such actions?

Zelaya: They don’t know anything about the suffering of the Honduran people, and the sacrifices Hondurans are making to bring me back. The military coup has turned into a dictatorship. It is oppressing the people and committing massive human rights violations. Hillary and the OAS should find out more about that.

SPIEGEL: The US government has condemned the coup. Was that too lackadaisical for you?

Zelaya: US President (Barack) Obama is sincere, but he is not acting decisively enough. He ought to pursue the coup leaders more resolutely so that such coups don’t happen again.

SPIEGEL: The Honduran congress and the country’s highest court accuse you of having breached the constitution. You wanted the people to vote directly on whether a decision to convene a constitutional convention should be voted on in the November elections.

Zelaya: But that isn’t a reason to stage a coup right away. I didn’t commit a breach of the constitution.

SPIEGEL: Will you insist on a constitutional reform if you return to Honduras?

Zelaya: I want to actively involve the people in democracy. This is a historic process, and it cannot be stopped.

SPIEGEL: One of the reasons you want to amend the constitution is so that you can be reelected, or so the accusations go.

Zelaya: I have never tried to do that, nor will I, because the constitution prohibits it.

SPIEGEL: Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez is one your key supporters. That’s why you are suspected of trying to create a populist regime similar to his. How much influence does Chavez have on your government?

Zelaya: Absolutely zero. These accusations are just a trick to divert attention away from the coup leaders’ true motives. Chavez is the scapegoat. In fact, the USA is the one intervening in Honduras. Seventy percent of Honduran exports go there. We have a military, trade and immigration treaty with Washington.

SPIEGEL: But Venezuela supplies discounted oil to Honduras, which makes you dependent on Chavez.

Zelaya: That’s another of those lies. Venezuela covers only 15 percent of our oil needs. American oil companies bring in 85 percent.

SPIEGEL: You are also considered an admirer of Fidel Castro. How is your relationship with Cuba?

Zelaya: We have very good relations, just as we do with Europe and the United States. I have no problems with any country in the world, only with the economic elite in Honduras, which is getting rich at the expense of the poor. I don’t want to drive them out. I just want them to change their attitude. The wealth must be more evenly distributed. The political parties that have ruled Honduras for the past 100 years are merely defending the economic elite.

SPIEGEL: But now you and coup leader Roberto Micheletti belong to the same party. You are both considered part of the upper class, and you yourself come from a family of wealthy cattle farmers. When did you discover your heart for the poor?

Zelaya: It was a long process of developing awareness. The neoliberal economic model has failed, and we need social policies for the disadvantaged in our society. That’s why I aim for a new model of development, and part of my administration supported me in that endeavor. But the neoliberals simply want to expand their wealth, and they have no interest in the country’s development. A few large companies dominate the Honduran economy. This plays into the hands of multinational corporations, which control the market, thereby creating even more poverty. I believe in entrepreneurship and economic liberalism. But things have to become more equitable, which is why we must amend the laws.

SPIEGEL: What happens if your efforts to return are unsuccessful? Will you call upon the Hondurans to rebel?

Zelaya: Under the constitution, the people have the right to resistance and rebellion if someone assumes power by force.

SPIEGEL: But that creates the threat of civil war.

Zelaya: There is the same danger if the coup leaders prevail. If that happens, we could face a long conflict, because we will not be brought to our knees. We are not afraid of their guns. The military in Honduras has only 7,000 men. If we were to take up arms, we would quickly drive away those few soldiers. But we want to unseat the regime in a peaceful and honorable way. Women, children, young people, students, workers — we have all joined forces in a civil front against the coup. Even my 80-year-old mother is taking to the streets and offering peaceful resistance.

SPIEGEL: The coup regime claims that there is in fact little resistance, and that there have been hardly any dead or injured.

Zelaya: More than 1,000 people were arrested and are now in prison, and four young people were killed in a protest march. I am afraid that even more people have died. We don’t know exactly what is happening in the country. The coup leaders control most of the media.

SPIEGEL: Are the armed forces behind the coup government?

Zelaya: The military is divided. Many young officers oppose the coup. They could rise up against the military leadership any day.

SPIEGEL: Will you put the coup leaders on trial when you return to Honduras?

Zelaya: Of course. There should be an international trial, to discourage copycats.

SPIEGEL: What happens with the elections planned for November? Would you agree to early elections?

Zelaya: They can take place tomorrow, as far as I’m concerned, but I will not participate. I am working on a big plan for social reforms. We are merely changing the strategy, but the struggle continues.

Interview conducted by Jens Glüsing. Translated from the German by Christopher Sultan.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,639791,00.html

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[en] London, UK: EMERGENCY PICKET DEMANDS US CUTS FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC SUPPORT TO HONDURAS DICTATORSHIP

[See photos on flickr or view photo slideshow from the emergency solidarity picket in London along with the article at the original link: http://www.venezuelasolidarity.co.uk/]

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Approaching 100 people attended an emergency picket at the US Embassy in London last night (July 22) against the recent illegal coup in Honduras, which demanded the US cut all financial and economic support to the illegitimate government in Honduras.

Speaking at the picket, Plaid Cymru MP Adam Price said, “With sadness, what we see is continuity in US policy – not the change we can believe in, that we hoped for – we must demand from Obama that he delivers a change in US foreign policy.”

Derek Wall, Green Party representative, added to this that, “In America you [also] have Republican senators and people behind the scenes in the apparatus who want the US to support the coup,” making the need for international solidarity all the more important.

Labour MP Jeremy Corbyn put the coup in context, saying that, “Honduras has a constitution drawn up in the 1980s designed to defend power, wealth and influence. It has always been the base for US interests in Central America. Presidents have always been from the same identikit parties and been against helping the poor. Zelaya recognised this and wanted to allow an indicator vote on extending democracy… It is up to us to mobilise for a democratic government in Honduras for the poor.”

Keith Sonnet, Deputy General Secretary of UNISON also praised the pro-Zelaya resistance in Honduras, saying that: “We’ve seen thousands and thousands of Hondurans campaigning on the streets for the return of their democratically elected President. That is why tomorrow there will be a general strike for the return of Zelaya and we give our solidarity to them.”

NUS Black Students’ Officer, Bell Riviero-Addy, condemned the near media ‘black out’ on the issue, arguing that,”If the US wanted this to end tomorrow it would. We all know there is nothing in the news about this and so it is important that we shout as loudly as possible, keep coming back and keep campaigning for the return of Zelaya.”

Jose Villa of Unite the Union brought greetings from Latin American workers in Europe’s largest trade union, stating that, “Unite the Union supports every campaign that defends democracy in Latin America. We will support this campaign until Zelaya returns as President.”

Venezuela Solidarity Campaign Secretary Francisco Dominguez concluded the event arguing that forces in the US would continue to try to overthrow progressive governments in Latin America, “just as they did in Venezuela,” and that this made “our solidarity more important than ever.”

The picket also received greetings from Tony Benn, CWU General Secretary Billy Hayes, Colin Burgon MP, John McDonell MP and Green Party leader Caroline Lucas MEP amongst others.

reposted from: http://www.venezuelasolidarity.co.uk/

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